Mexico City consists of 16 boroughs and it is encompassed in The Metropolitan Area of Mexico City, which consists of 59 municipalities, making it a large target area for transport network coverage. This project aims to use Transit Oriented Development (TOD) in order to give place to a more compact and efficient transport network. Such a network would also be designed to mitigate the effects of climate change and reduce CO2 emissions resulting from transportation. The transport sector has numerous social and political stakeholders, namely civil society organisations, governmental institutions and private/public transport enterprises. These groups had to be effectively engaged in order to successfully design and implement a comprehensive reform of the transport network.
The programme has been designed to have both direct and indirect effects on the city’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
So far, the project has added 65 CNG EuroV passenger buses in two Lines of the Public Transport System. These buses are low-emission green vehicles that transport 23,000 users a day; also, the government is currently substituting old polluting microbuses and taxis with new, cleaner units.
The city has expanded its Metrobus Bus Rapid Transport (BRT) system up to 6 Lines and has planned future expansions of the subway. Mexico City has also planned for the implementation of two additional Zero Emissions corridor, with pure electric passenger buses sharing a reserved lane with bicycle users. Additional prioritisation of pedestrians in the programme will increase resiliency of the transportation network.
Regarding non-motorized mobility, the public bicycle sharing system “Ecobici” has expanded greatly over the last years, having a total of 444 stations with over 6000 bicycles available. Also, over 550 bicycle parking spaces have been installed along Metrobus´s (BRT) Lines, at Pantitlan subway station and at the Light Train terminals. This current administration has advanced the installation of bicycle parking spaces by 51%.
By facilitating efficient, reliable and widespread transport options for all citizens, the Comprehensive Mobility Programme aims to catalyse economic development, social inclusion and environmental sustainability. Citizens will be able to access a better variety of green transport options, providing increased access to employment opportunities and activities, thus reducing dependency on private cars for commuting.
Mexico City´s residents are also predicted to experience health benefits as a result of the engagement in the programme. By promoting cycling and low-emission vehicle transit, the project will improve air quality. Citizen fitness will be benefitted through walking and cycling, with a ‘move by bicycle Sunday’ scheme, in addition with the installation of hundreds of bicycle parking spaces and implementation o new bicycle paths that attend short trips needs as well as the last mile gap.