JIUS Case Studies: Finance

Climate and Green Bonds

December 16, 2012 Philadelphia

Climate and green bonds are fixed-income financial instruments that are issued in order to raise capital for the implementation of environmental projects, often climate change mitigation- or adaptation-related activities or renewable or energy efficiency projects, and therefore allow investors to report to their members on how their secure investments are also contributing to addressing environmental challenges

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Tax Increment Financing (TIF)

December 16, 2012 Philadelphia

As is evident in major cities around the United States, TIF can be a valuable public finance tool for redevelopment projects. Establishing a TIF program allows the city to invest selected new property tax dollars into the neighborhood from which they came, instead of into the city's General Fund, for a defined period (typically 20 years). TIF funds are used to leverage public funds to promote private sector activity in a targeted district or area.

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BVRio: Incentivizing Green Credit Systems

December 16, 2012 Rio de Janeiro

Bolsa Verde do Rio de Janeiro (BVRio) or the Rio de Janeiro Green Exchange is an organization created to develop and operate environmental markets in Brazil. Created in partnership with the State of Rio de Janeiro Secretariat of Environment and the Rio Municipal Finance Secretariat, BVRio aims to become the leading platform for the trading of environmental securities in Brazil.

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Gramacho Landfill Gas to Energy System

December 16, 2012 Rio de Janeiro

Through a plan to install a methane capture system throughout the landfill, Novo Gramacho Energia Ambiental and Companhia Municipal de Limpeza Urbana (COMLURB) were able to leverage Clean Development Mechanism financing to reduce the climate change impact of the Gramacho operations and to create a potential income stream for these actors in the future, through sell-back of the energy to a nearby Petrobras facility.

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West Zone Sanitation

December 16, 2012 Rio de Janeiro

To remedy waste sewage and pollution problems, the City has designed an innovative undertaking with the State of Rio de Janeiro and the State Company for Water and Wastewater (CEDAE) to leverage private-sector financing for services extension to the 21 neighborhoods in AP-5.

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