Energy is a key national challenge in Jordan, second only to access to water. There are currently over 1 million vehicles registered in Amman, and a significant portion of this fleet is composed of older second-hand vehicles that do not meet current environmental standards. Transport accounts for more than 40% of the energy use in Jordan and is the lead source of air pollution. While GAM is broadly pursuing a mode shift from private cars to public transport, the municipality is aware that car use in Amman will remain significant. The pilot provides a manageable platform for proof of concept and to work out the technical, institutional and legal issues behind EV rollout, and to showcase the potential of EVs.
There have been strong partnership and leveraging from both public and private sector, including grant funds for due diligence as well as seed funding. EV manufacturers are providing a number of EVs for free as part of the pilot. As well as this, GAM is providing land and buildings for EV chargers and implementing measures to promote EVs, and is facilitating an evaluation of EV use in a taxi fleet with priority in the downtown area.
Charging is free during the pilot period to promote the use of EVs. The system comes with advanced information and monitoring systems that will contribute to a positive user experience.
The project’s climate change goals are to:
The project has the potential to make Amman and Jordan regional centres of excellence for the EV sector, as well as promote job creation in the clean energy tech sector. This focus is predicted to reduce operating costs, create up to 300 jobs, develop new skills for Jordanian labour, and create opportunities for supporting services and industries in Jordan.
The project supports the development of car-free zones by providing an alternative to regular cars in highly congested areas already suffering greatly from air pollution, in combination with other transport demand management measures that promote public transport and non-motorized travel. EV taxi services are given preferential access. These measures are expected to reduce illnesses from air pollution.
Amman will soon be sharing the project within the C40 network. Some of the results are already shared online, but a more structured project brief and brochure will soon be shared with other cities. The pilot will be scaled up to a full-sized project soon, as is in preparation for the gradual roll-out of EVs; the next phase is expected to include 10,000 EVs, 3,000 charging stations, and a 30 MWh solar farm. The locations, capacity, and type of the charging stations will be developed as part of the master plan for the roll-out.