Cape Town’s transport demands are shaped by the urban structure, characterised by low-density development, remnants of apartheid planning and an historical emphasis on road-based transport. This propagates high petrol and diesel consumption and correspondingly high emissions. It also impacts quality-of-life indicators such as road safety and time spent commuting for residents. Transport dominates the city’s energy profile, accounting for 64% of total consumption. Furthermore, The Transport for Cape Town Transport Authority calculated that low income households spend 43% of their income of transport. The TODSF will consider sustainability, urban efficiency and socio-economic disparities whilst also significantly reducing energy consumption from the transport sector.
Cape Town developed the framework through consultation with a multidisciplinary Transit Orientated Development and Technical Working Group. The city hosted a Transit Orientated Development Summit in 2014 in which Mayor Patricia de Lille, Transport for Cape Town leaders and international experts addressed the attendees. Participation in this event from government, stakeholders and experts generated the key elements and strategic directions on which TODSF was built.
The plan breaks down geographical areas sequentially from metropolitan, through corridors and nodal areas, to precinct level. Projects and plans are visualised with consideration of the constraints of and impacts on all of these regional categories.
The project is still in the strategy phase with the next steps being the development and implementation of specific projects within the TODSF.
Cape Town aims to be a more compact and well connected city. It will also be more resilient in the face of current and future climate change risks. This vision incorporates social equity principles and hopes to create greater social wellbeing and inclusion.
The TODSF aims to have long term sustainability and environmental effects through achievement of a set of objective indicators: increasing the number of trips originating or destined for a transit accessible precinct by 12%; reducing total passenger kms travelled by 23%; improving the alignment of trips with public transport lines by 20%, thus increasing the use of public transport; improved utilisation of transit analysis zones (TAZ); and balancing trips for a 75% improvement in bi-directional traffic flows. A 23% reduction of passenger kms travelled and 20% increase in modal share will result in a CO2 emissions reduction of over 1.6 million tons per year.
In addition to reducing energy consumption and emissions, the TODSF will increase economic opportunities by providing better, more affordable access to employment for residents. New investment in areas that have benefited from improved spatial integration will lead to faster economic growth for those neighbourhoods.