Cities in developing countries, such as Mexico City, are often at the center of accelerated, disorganized urbanisation. People living within such cities are the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and depend upon city governments treating the issue with a necessary degree of urgency. Accounting for future changes can pose a challenge to climate action planning, and the city has focused resources on monitoring systems which can track the programme’s progress and identify indicators of vulnerability.
The plan extends beyond the current mayor’s tenure, so the programme must have mechanisms in place to ensure that the transfer from one administration to another doesn’t jeopardize the plan. While this certainly poses a challenge, this kind of long-term planning ensures that the programme will enact lasting change while remaining adaptable.
The programme projects that the city will have mitigated 10 million tonnes of CO2e by 2020. More than 65% of the plan’s 2018 goal has already been successfully achieved, including the mitigation of 4.81 million tonnes of CO2e since 2014. More broadly, as of April 2017, 23% of the programme’s actions have been completed, with 43% more than halfway completed, 29% less than halfway completed and only 5% not started.
Initiatives under the programme have been supported by the first green bond issued to Mexico City in 2016, totaling $50 million USD. The Ministry of the Environment has also developed a unique financing scheme called the Environmental Climate Change Fund which finances exclusively projects relating to climate change. This approach creates institutionalized resources for climate action initiatives in the future and serves as an example for other cities pursuing similar projects.
The co-benefits associated with the plan include massive health benefits which come as a result of increased walking and biking –– as of right now, more than 230,000 people use the city’s bike share program.
By recognizing that climate change is a long-term, intensifying threat, the PACCM has been developed with a forward-thinking framework that emphasizes resiliency. The plan has also been developed with the recognition that climate change has a disproportionate impact on women, utilizing a built-in indicator system which ultimately seeks to reduce the gender gap caused by the effects of climate change and produce statistical information regarding the impacts of climate change by gender and age. This system, along with a unique financing scheme and an online monitoring system which tracks overall progress, has made the team able to identify priorities and advocate for the 5.6 million people mostvulnerable to extreme weather events. Looking into the future, Mexico City plans to draft a water consumption reduction plan to be implemented throughout 2017.