The demand for clean vehicles originates from growing environmental pollution in Chinese cities and unstable oil prices. This project aims to promote the application of NEVs, to support public transportation electrification in particular. Challenges included slow progress of public battery charging and swapping facilities construction compared to the operation development of the new energy transportation, unexpected application of NEV in other areas other than public transportation, and limited options for NEVs in Nanjing
To reach the goal of a ‘Green Nanjing Youth Olympic Games’, Nanjing deployed the world’s second largest EV public transportation fleet and built up the largest and most centralised charging station for the EV fleet serving the Games, in an extremely short time period.
Nanjing is profoundly aware of the significance of how NEVs can relieve the issues of energy crisis and atmospheric pollution, as well as boost the automobile industry's development. Motivated by these factors, Nanjing deployed a fleet of 3,835 NEVs including public transit buses, taxis, commuting vehicles and private cars, and built 3 EV battery-swapping stations and 1,200 charging facilities. These innovations made the Games even more memorable, and will keep making a contribution to sustainable development in Nanjing.
The main goals of Nanjing’s NEV promotion are to:
While promoting NEVs, Nanjing considered the project’s environmental and economy-wide benefits in depth. Not only have 246,000 tons of CO2 emissions been avoided, but the project also improved air quality and thus provided a better and healthier living environment for the citizens in Nanjing.
Operators, especially public transportation providers, achieved large economic benefits, through at least $71 million in energy savings and through the expansion of the NEV industry in Nanjing. In the Lishui Economic Developing Zone, 46 companies in the NEV industry set up their manufacturing facilities, reaching a total revenue of $1.3 billion. BYD Auto Co. and Nanjing Kinglong also set up facilities in Lishui.
Nanjing will keep expanding deployment of NEVs in terms of quantity and application areas. The number of NEVs in Nanjing should be increased to more than 7,215 units by 2015. More than 30% of new public transportation and sanitation vehicles should be NEVs and more than 50% of new vehicles serving government and public institutions should also be NEVs. Nanjing will also further strengthen policy guidance, improve the charging facility layout and increase the quantity of charging facilities.