The City of Karachi in Pakistan houses a population of 25 million residents and produces a waste quantity of 14,000 to 16,000 tons/day with a collection of 40 to 60%. With limited availability of land for the disposal of waste, the State (Government of Sindh) and City authorities (Sindh Solid Waste Management Board) are facing challenges in collection and disposal of waste. In light of the above, a study was commissioned and was undertaken by UNESCAP, IUCN and UNHABITAT to explore possible solutions to improve the city’s waste management initiatives.
After devolution of the local government ordinance 2001, the responsibility of waste collection and transportation came under city administrators, and treatment and disposal of refuse was handed over to the City District Government of Karachi (CDGK).
Under the Sindh Act No.4 of 2014, the Sindh Solid Waste Management board was formed, which was responsible for the solid waste management of areas that fell under the Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC).