The Walking and Cycling Network aims to:
→ Support cities to increase the share of trips taken by healthy, safe and carbon-free mobility options
→ Advise cities on how to ensure that walking and cycling policies and programmes are adapted for climate breakdown and are resilient during extreme weather events
The C40 Walking and Cycling (W&C) Network was launched in November 2018 and focuses on supporting cities to plan and implement ambitious active mobility initiatives and policies. The Network helps cities envision a future where walking and cycling are accessible mobility options for all citizens, where city spaces are transformed through people-friendly planning policy, and where city-wide rates of walking and cycling are increased. The Network also provides support and guidance on ensuring that walking and cycling activities are resilient to climate breakdown and that adaptation measures are considered for an uncertain future climate.
Transportation accounts for one-third of CO2 emissions in C40 cities (and in some cities, it represents as much as 45%), and is the fastest-growing source of greenhouse gases. Furthermore, motorized transportation is a major contributor to air pollution, which causes 4.5 million premature deaths globally, traffic noise, which is considered the second biggest environmental threat to health after air pollution, and traffic congestion, which can cost as much as 8% of the total city GDP. Motorized transportation is also linked to non-communicable diseases such as cancer, obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular conditions.
On the other hand, walking and cycling are affordable and safe transportation options that do not generate emissions, traffic noise or traffic congestion, and instead boost mental and physical health. As noted in the 2017 McKinsey and C40 report Focused Acceleration, enhancing walking and cycling can help cities achieve 5 to 15% of their 2030 emissions reduction target.
Cities Participating in the Network
Barcelona (co-lead city)
Bogotá (co-lead city)
Dar es Salaam
Rio de Janeiro
Santiago de Chile
Walking and Cycling Network Focus Areas
C40 mayors and cities are leading the way in incentivizing this mode shift by creating networks of safe bike lanes, improving sidewalks and crossings, and enhancing cycle hire systems. They have demonstrated interest in scaling and accelerating these actions to achieve wider impact given the significant benefits that active mobility offers.
The Walking and Cycling Network serves as a platform for C40 cities to share best practices and policies to support active mobility. By bringing cities together, and convening and collaborating with key stakeholders, the network facilitates and accelerates the implementation of sustainable mobility strategies. Cities within the network have identified six focus areas/work streams for collaboration between cities:
- Making the case: Supporting cities in collecting data to measure the benefits of active mobility and communicating the results effectively to achieve positive behavioural change.
- Infrastructure planning: Supporting cities in the planning of climate-resilient walking and cycling networks that serve current and future demand, and are connected to other transportation modes as well as homes, jobs and education, etc.
- Infrastructure design: Helping cities explore and evaluate climate-resilient walking and cycling infrastructure e.g. cycleways or through tactical urbanism, as well as secondary infrastructure e.g. cycle parking or changing facilities, to support the increased uptake of walking and cycling.
- Infrastructure financing: Working with cities and their greater metropolitan regions to explore financing schemes and funding structures to build and operate infrastructure such as cycleways, greenways or first and last-mile infrastructure.
- Safety and Security: Collaborating with cities in the design of action plans, initiatives and infrastructure focused on reducing collisions, casualties and crime against people who walk and/or cycle.
- Bike-sharing: Supporting cities to implement and manage different bike-sharing schemes.
Walking and Cycling Network Resources
The network contains a diverse range of expertise and resources to support cities with their walking and cycling strategies. Resources can be accessed through a variety of ways, highlighted below:
The Knowledge Hub C40’s Knowledge Hub is an online platform providing city practitioners and policymakers with the cutting-edge insights and practical resources necessary to deliver climate actions in cities around the world. All cities are invited to register for the site and join the global network of city peer-to-peer exchange.
What it means to be part of a C40 Network
C40 networks are working groups of city officials sharing ideas and best practices to accelerate climate action. The main reason cities participate in a network is to achieve outcomes (better, faster or new climate action) and to progress the implementation of climate action by working with and learning from other cities. When a city official joins a network, he/she will work with the Network Manager to complete a City Network Plan that explains the policy, project or programme the city is considering or working on and what outcomes the city would like to achieve. This will help the Network Manager design network activities that will be most useful to that city.
In networks, city officials work together virtually through webinars, phone calls, emails, SMS messaging and a private network page on the C40 Knowledge Hub where city officials share information. Approximately once a year, a network workshop is hosted by a member city. The workshop is a unique opportunity for active network participants to meet face-to-face, build strong working relationships, help each other overcome challenges, and plan the work of the network. In some cases, C40 networks also facilitate study tours, provide technical assistance from partners, and help develop research materials for cities.
Network participants should expect to spend on average 3-5 hours per month participating in network activities and working with the Network Manager. This includes time to discuss City Network Plans and the outcomes that the city is able to achieve through the network.
The Walking and Cycling Network Page
The Walking and Cycling Network has a dedicated page on the C40 Knowledge Hub platform which includes a wide range of resources for the cities in the network. This includes webinars where cities present on their initiatives, reports on good practices and presentations on projects, policies and programmes. Contact the Walking and Cycling Network Manager, Lucy Mahoney (firstname.lastname@example.org), to receive access to the Walking and Cycling Network page.
Green and Healthy (Fossil Fuel Free) Streets Declaration
The Walking and Cycling Network welcomes additional signatory cities to sign the Green and Healthy Streets Declaration. The Declaration sees Mayors committing to procure with partners only zero-emission buses from 2025, and ensure a major area of the city is zero emission from 2030. Walking and cycling play a vital role in the creation and expansion of zero-emission areas as they are the least polluting, most equitable and safest modes of transport (among many other benefits!).
Climate Action Planning Resource Centre
The Climate Action Planning Resource Centre is dedicated to supporting the delivery of C40’s Deadline 2020 programme. The resource centre is useful for all C40 cities as it brings together a wide range of resources and tools to support city transport and climate planners in the process of delivering action consistent with the objectives of the Paris Agreement. Tools include the Adaptation and Mitigation Interaction Assessment Tool which enables cities to methodically identify potential interactions between climate adaptation and mitigation measures. The tool highlights opportunities and conflicts and provides users with case studies to guide their decision-making.
i Deadline 2020, How cities will get the job done; C40 and Arup; 2016
ii United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
iii The Lancet Commission on pollution and health; October 2017
iv Global Mobility Report; Sustainable Mobility for All; 2017
v Focused acceleration: A strategic approach to climate action in cities to 2030; C40 and McKinsey Center for Business and Environment; 2017