Valerie holds an MSc in Sustainable Development from Utrecht University (Netherlands), and a BSc in Environmental Conservation Economics from the University of Alberta (Canada). Her master’s thesis compared New York City and Rotterdam, looking at the similarities and differences in how they address community resilience. Prior to joining C40, Valerie worked for Cordaid, an international disaster relief NGO based in the Hague. She managed Cordaid’s resilience and DRR programs in Kenya, Indonesia, and the Philippines.