Our commitment to healthy air for everyone
Breathing clean air is a human right, but according to the latest World Health Organisation (WHO) Air Quality Guidelines, 99% of the world’s population live in areas that exceed WHO air pollution limits.
Exposure to air pollution is one of the greatest environmental risks to human health; the WHO estimates that exposure to dirty air caused 4.2 million premature deaths worldwide in 2016, and 91% of those premature deaths occurred in low- and middle-income countries1. Furthermore, it is the poorest and most vulnerable communities that are most at risk. The harmful health impacts of air pollution affect the ability of those living in cities to live safely and thrive, which is damaging to city economies and their development.
As the mayors of world-leading cities, we will not wait for others to act to protect residents from the devastating consequences of air pollution. We know that air pollution and the climate crisis go hand-in-hand. Both need swift, unprecedented and collective action to remove the pollution that is harming public health and warming the planet.
* 1 Ambient (outdoor) air pollution, World Health Organisation, September 2021.
To clean the air our residents breathe and help meet the goals of the Paris Agreement, signatories of this accelerator pledge to:
- Establish our cities’ baseline air pollution levels and set ambitious reduction targets that meet or exceed national commitments. These actions will be taken within two years of signing the pledge; the targets will put us on a path towards meeting WHO Air Quality Guidelines for particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide, ozone and sulphur dioxide.
- Before 2025, or within five years of joining this commitment, we will implement substantive new policies and programmes to address the top causes of air pollution and emissions within cities that are under our control.
- Publicly report on our annual progress in reducing pollution levels, relative to our cities’ targets, and on progress in achieving the commitments set out in this accelerator.
To meet this commitment, signatory cities will:
- Implement new policies, enforce strong regulations, prioritise resources, and build the necessary capacity and skills to achieve ambitious reductions in air pollution source sectors that are within our control.
- Integrate the relevant top pollution-reducing actions – that are within our city and under our control – into our Climate Action Plans, such as rapidly expanding zero emission public transport; creating low or zero emission areas; supporting walking/cycling; implementing vehicle restrictions or financial incentives/disincentives, such as road-use or parking charges; reducing truck, non-road machinery and city-owned vehicle emissions; cleaning up construction sites and equipment; reducing industrial emissions; reducing emissions from wood burning; expanding affordable access to clean energy for cooking and heating; restricting pollution from solid waste burning; and expanding greening.
- Establish, maintain, increase or contribute to reliable city-wide air quality monitoring, making data publicly available in a timely manner, or as close to real-time as possible, and in an accessible format, in coordination with relevant departments and institutions.
- Conduct, expand or collaborate with relevant institutions to increase research on the health impacts of air pollution, the benefits of air quality improvements and associated economic implications, and publish the results.
- Raise awareness of air quality to help vulnerable residents reduce their exposure, and to reduce the causes of air pollution, such as traffic.
- Create, update or work with relevant institutions to ensure high quality emissions inventories, models and analysis are available to describe where and how outdoor air pollution is formed in our city, both today and in the future.
- Work with and advocate for regional, state, supranational and national government to take action on sources outside our boundaries or our control.
Abidjan, Accra, Addis Ababa, Amman, Austin, Barcelona, Bengaluru, Berlin, Bogotá, Buenos Aires, Copenhagen, Dakar, Delhi, Dubai, Durban (eThekwini), Ekurhuleni, Freetown, Guadalajara, Heidelberg, Houston, Jakarta, Johannesburg, Lagos, Lima, Lisbon, London, Los Angeles, Mexico City, Madrid, Medellín, Milan, Nairobi, Oslo, Paris, Phoenix, Portland, Quezon City, Quito, Rio de Janeiro, Rotterdam, Seoul, Stockholm, Sydney, Tel Aviv – Yafo, Tokyo, Tshwane, Warsaw, Washington DC