The Chinese megacity Wuhan launched a 15-year program using green and blue sponge projects to prepare for increased waterlogging caused by rapid urbanization and natural disasters.
Rapid urbanization and industrial development in Wuhan has increased the city’s impermeable area, causing flooding, pollution, and, at the same time, over-consumption of existing water supplies. By increasing the ability to absorb rainfall and improving the quality of the urban water system, the Wuhan Sponge City Programme is preparing the city for growth and extreme weather events.
The Wuhan Sponge City Programme focuses on reducing waterlogging and increasing water quality via the ecological remediation of existing urban water systems and the construction of blue and green spaces to capture and store rainwater. The first phase of the project, from 2015 to 2017, will see the development of 389 so-called sponge projects, such as urban gardens and waterbodies in parks, roads, residential communities, and commercial and public buildings. These will cover 38 m2 of the city and provide habitat for plants and wildlife. By the end of the pilot period, two new rainwater pump stations will have been constructed, providing at least 25% of the city’s water. Furthermore, 13 ports and channels will be repaired, drain pipelines will be improved, and at least one lake will be ecologically restored. Overall, the project is expected to reduce the occurrence of severe waterlogging events from once annually to once in 10 years in the pilot zone, a strong start to adapting the city to climate change.
Environmental Benefits – It is estimated that initiatives in the project will result in a 70% reduction in pollution carried via runoff in certain catchment areas.
Social Benefits – It is estimated that 20,000 new jobs will be created through the Wuhan Sponge City Programme.
Economic Benefits – By focusing on the protection and utilization of the natural water system, the Wuhan Sponge City Programme prevents considerable costs caused by damage from waterlogging.
Health Benefits – The project increases the quality of drinking water for the people of Wuhan.
In its second year, Cities100 – presented by C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40), Sustainia and Realdania – showcases leading solutions to urban climate challenges in ten sectors, ranging from solid waste management to transportation. For the first time, this year’s publication features solutions that address the nexus of climate change and social equity.
Available online and in print, Cities100 provides stakeholders an accessible format to explore achievable solutions for climate action in cities, and will be a useful tool for relevant groups ranging from impact investors and development organizations, to mayors and city governments. You can access the full Cities100 2016 publication online here and read more about how mayors will deliver the aims of the Paris Agreement in a foreward by Anne Hidalgo, C40 Chair and Mayor of Paris, here.
- Key Impact
- 70% of rainfall is estimated to be absorbed through initiatives in the program