Benefits Research Programme

Enabling Inclusive Climate Action

C40 is launching an enabling research programme on the benefits of inclusive climate action. This programme recognises the enormity of the challenge but also the scale of the opportunity: 

  • The time for urgent climate action is now. C40 cities must deliver 14,000 actions by 2020 and reach net zero emissions by 2050 to achieve the Paris Agreement’s aspiration for a 1.5 degree world.
  • Making the case for climate action is one of the leading challenges cities face to undertaking ambitious urban climate action. Cities need the evidence and tools to make a stronger case, enabling the staggering increase in the scale and pace of action required.
  • Inclusive climate action has a range of wider benefits for the health and prosperity of cities and their citizens. The benefits of urban climate action – from green jobs and growth, to active, happier lives and cleaner air and water – have an immediate, tangible impact on people’s lives. Inclusive climate actions tackle multiple mayoral priorities simultaneously and deliver multiple benefits to all segments of the population, and ultimately result in more transformational climate solutions.


Results and Reports

Air Quality

Building on two years of work funded by Johnson & Johnson Services, Inc. and conducted in collaboration with BuroHappold, C40 benefits research has identified a set of priority actions that cities can take to tackle climate change and air pollution simultaneously, placing the transport, buildings and industry sectors at the top of the list. The research, shows that if C40’s 96-member cities take the ambitious actions outlined to achieve clean transport, buildings and industry, in combination with a decarbonised grid, the resulting benefits would include: an 87% reduction in Greenhouse Gas emissions, a 49% reduction in PM2.5 levels, 223,000 premature deaths averted and up to $583 billion in economic benefit.


Bikability and Walkability

C40 and Novo Nordisk are building on our previous research pilot, specifically looking at the benefits from walkability and bikeability action, enabling cities to make the case for health, liveable cities. The most recent report from this research presents findings from work with the city of Houston to evaluate the benefits of the White Oak Bayou Greenway and city-wide bike plan.

Houston case study:


Piloting a Global Approach to Benefits Measurement

This report presents initial findings from piloting a global approach to benefits measurement. C40, in partnership with Novo Nordisk, undertook ground breaking research to develop and test a standard approach to measuring the benefits of climate action.